On This Day in History – April 15 – Almanac



On April 15, 1947, Major League Baseball’s color line was officially broken with the debut of Jackie Robinson for the Brooklyn Dodgers at Ebbets Field. File photo by Pat Benic/UPI | License picture

Today is Friday, April 15, the 105th day of 2022 with 260 to follow.

The moon is growing. The morning stars are Jupiter, Mars, Neptune, Saturn and Venus. The evening stars are Mercury and Uranus.

People born on this date are under the sign of Aries. They include the Italian painter/inventor Leonardo da Vinci in 1452; British polar explorer James Clark Ross in 1800; distiller Joseph E. Seagram in 1841; author Henry James in 1843; former Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev in 1894; singer Bessie Smith in 1894; actor Marian Jordan in 1898; the artist Arshile Gorky in 1904; former North Korean leader Kim Il Sung in 1912; businessman Alfred S. Bloomingdale in 1916; Harold Washington, Chicago’s first black mayor, in 1922; country singer Roy Clark in 1933; actor Elizabeth Montgomery in 1933; actor Claudia Cardinale in 1938 (84); musician Dave Edmunds in 1944 (age 78); actor Amy Wright in 1950 (age 72); newspaper columnist Heloise Cruse Evans in 1951 (age 71); actor Emma Thompson in 1959 (age 63); Belgium King Philippe in 1960 (62 years old); actor Danny Pino in 1974 (age 48); country singer Chris Stapleton in 1978 (age 44); actor Luke Evans in 1979 (age 43); actor Seth Rogen in 1982 (age 40); singer/actor Ester Dean in 1986 (age 36); actor Samira Wiley in 1987 (age 35); actor Emma Watson in 1990 (32 years old); actor Cody Christian in 1995 (age 27); actor Maisie Williams in 1997 (age 25).

On this historical date:

In 1817, the United States’ oldest permanent school for the deaf, Connecticut Asylum for the Education and Instruction of Deaf and Dumb Persons (now the American School for the Deaf), was founded in Hartford, Connecticut.

In 1865, US President Abraham Lincoln died from an assassin’s bullet fired the night before at Ford’s Theater in Washington. Vice President Andrew Johnson was sworn in as CEO.

In 1912, the luxury liner Titanic sank in the North Atlantic Ocean off Newfoundland after hitting an iceberg the night before. About 1,500 people died in the tragedy.

In 1931, Spanish Republicans formed a new government as King Alfonso went into exile.

In 1944, the Soviet army captured the Polish city of Tarnopol from German occupation. When Nazi Germany took the city in 1941 they murdered thousands of Jews, and in 1944 the Soviets killed some 4,500 Germans and destroyed much of the city.

In 1947, Major League Baseball’s color line was officially broken with the debut of Jackie Robinson for the Brooklyn Dodgers at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn on Opening Day. Robinson, who has become one of the game’s biggest stars, walked and scored in the Dodgers’ 5-3 victory over the Boston Braves.

In 1955, the first franchised McDonald’s was opened in Des Plaines, Illinois by Ray Kroc, who came up with the idea for a hamburger restaurant in San Bernardino, California run by the McDonald brothers.

In 1970, President Richard Nixon petitioned Congress for legislation prohibiting the dumping of polluted dredged material into lakes.

In 1986, President Ronald Reagan ordered airstrikes against the Libyan regime of Muammar Gaddafi in response to a Berlin nightclub bombing that killed two American servicemen.

In 1998, Pol Pot, the Khmer Rouge leader who presided over a reign of terror in Cambodia in the late 1970s, died in a jungle outpost near the Cambodian-Thai border.

In 2009, Tea Party protests, widely critical of President Barack Obama and his policies, saw their highest turnout yet on April 15, Tax Day, in many cities.

In 2013, two pressure cooker bombs exploded near the finish line of the Boston Marathon, killing three people and injuring more than 260.

In 2014, after sending out a distress signal, a South Korean ferry capsized off the country’s southern coast, an incident that killed around 300 people.

In 2017, the bombing of a bus convoy carrying evacuees killed at least 126 people in Aleppo, Syria, including dozens of children.

In 2019, a devastating fire collapsed the roof and spire of Notre-Dame Cathedral, but firefighters said they managed to avoid total destruction of one of Paris’ most recognizable landmarks.

In 2021, a former employee of a FedEx facility in Indianapolis opened fire on the building, killing eight people and himself. It was the deadliest mass shooting in the state.

A thought of the day: “Youth condemns; maturity endorses.” — American poet Amy Lowell


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